X-Ray Explosions In liquids

Explosions are generally where a chemical reaction gives off too much energy in a small amount of time. Every day the sea probably radiates more energy than a nuclear reactor but because it is so slow and over such a large area it isn’t as noticeable an effect. It is possible to trigger explosions in very small areas using X-Rays precisely focused at a point. X-Ray laser explosions often happen by accident but they are also sometimes the focus of intense study. This latest research uses these X-Ray lasers to explode single drops of water and also fine mist sprays of it. By recording and slowing down the footage by nearly 500 times the exact mechanism for the explosion became visible. It appears that the water vaporises almost instantly and energy from this splitting of molecules is redistributed to the surroundings as a shock wave which is the explosion. The researchers also modeled many of the explosions they observed and now with these more predictable kinematics the number of unintended X-Ray explosions in X-Ray experiments can be reduced.


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